Enterococcus raffinosus bacteremia: clinical experience with 49 adult patients

Link to article at PubMed

Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2022 Jan 3. doi: 10.1007/s10096-021-04389-x. Online ahead of print.


This study is to evaluate the clinical characteristics and outcomes of Enterococcus raffinosus bacteremia in adults. We analyzed the medical records of adult patients with E. raffinosus bacteremia who were diagnosed and treated between 1997 and 2020 at a tertiary care teaching hospital in Seoul, Republic of Korea. The demographic, clinical, and laboratory data were collected and assessed. A total of 49 cases of E. raffinosus bacteremia were identified. E. raffinosus accounted for 0.6% of all enterococcal bacteremia events, and the incidence was 0.02 cases per 1,000 admissions. Of the 49 cases of E. raffinosus bacteremia, 35 (71.4%) had underlying malignancy. The biliary tract was the most common source of infection (81.6%, 40/49) and polymicrobial bacteremia was found in 25 cases (51.0%). The resistance rates of E. raffinosus bacteremia cases to penicillin, ampicillin, vancomycin, and linezolid were 61.2%, 49.0%, 2.0%, and 0%, respectively. In our case series, there was one case of vanA-type vancomycin-resistant E. raffinosus. The all-cause 60-day mortality rate was 22.4% (11/49), and the E. raffinosus bacteremia-related mortality rate was 4.1% (2/49). Cases of E. raffinosus bacteremia mainly originated from biliary tract infection and had a low rate of bacteremia-related mortality.

PMID:34977997 | DOI:10.1007/s10096-021-04389-x

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.