Inotropes and vasopressors are associated with increased short-term mortality but not long-term survival in critically ill patients

Link to article at PubMed

Anaesth Crit Care Pain Med. 2021 Dec 21:101012. doi: 10.1016/j.accpm.2021.101012. Online ahead of print.


OBJECTIVE: Limited information is currently available on the impact of vasoactive medications in intensive care (ICU) and long-term outcomes. The main objective of our study was to describe the association between the use of inotropes and/or vasopressors and ICU mortality. Secondary objectives were to evaluate the association between the use of vasoactive drugs and in-hospital as well as 1-year all-cause mortality in ICU survivors.

METHODS: FROG-ICU was a prospective, observational, multi-centre cohort designed to investigate long-term mortality of critically ill adult patients. Cox proportional hazards models were used to evaluate the association between the use of inotropes and/or vasopressors and ICU mortality, as well as in-hospital and 1-year all-cause mortality in a propensity-score matched cohort.

RESULTS: The study included 2087 patients, 939 of whom received inotropes and/or vasopressors during the initial ICU stay. Patients treated with vasoactive medications were older and had a more severe clinical presentation. In a propensity score-matched cohort of 1201 patients, ICU mortality was higher in patients who received vasoactive medications (HR of 1.40 [1.10 - 1.78], p = 0.007). One thousand six hundred thirty-five patients survived the index ICU hospitalisation. There was no significant difference according to the use of inotropes and/or vasopressors in the propensity-score matched cohort on in-hospital mortality (HR of 0.94 [0.60 - 1.49], p = 0.808) as well as one-year all-cause mortality (HR 0.94 [0.71 - 1.24], p = 0.643).

CONCLUSION: Inotropic and/or vasopressor therapy is a strong predictor of in-ICU death. However, the use of inotropes and/or vasopressors during ICU admission was not associated with a worse prognosis after ICU discharge.

PMID:34952218 | DOI:10.1016/j.accpm.2021.101012

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