J Atr Fibrillation. 2021 Feb 28;13(5):2480. doi: 10.4022/jafib.2480. eCollection 2021 Feb-Mar.
BACKGROUND: Randomized trials have shown improvement in hard clinical end points when catheter ablation (CA) is employed as a management strategy for certain atrial fibrillation (AF) patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). Limited data, however, exist in this realm outside the controlled clinical trial settings. We sought to determine real-world data on mortality and complications after utilization of CA in such patients.
METHODS AND RESULTS: Data were derived from National Inpatient Sample from January 2008 to August 2015. Patients were identified using the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes. Baseline characteristics and outcomes were compared among HFrEF and AF patients undergoing CA or not. Propensity matching was done to mitigate selection bias and balance confounding variables. Various CA related complications were assessed. Logistic regression was done to determine predictors of mortality in our study cohort. A total of 2,569,919 patients were analyzed and a total of 7773 patients underwent CA. Mortality was significantly better in CA group in both unmatched (1.2% vs. 4.9%, p < 0.01) and propensity matched cohorts (1.2% vs. 3.6%, p < 0.01). Overall complication rate was 10.2% in CA cohort and primarily driven by cardiac and neurological etiologies. In regression analysis, CA remained a strong predictor of reduced mortality (OR 0.301, 95% CI 0.184-0.494).
CONCLUSIONS: CA is associated with improved mortality in admitted AF patients with concomitant HFrEF. Overall complication rate after CA was modest at 10.2%. Consideration can be given to the utilization of this therapeutic modality in hospitalized AF patients with concomitant HFrEF.