Systolic dysfunction in patients with methamphetamine use and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction

Link to article at PubMed

Int J Cardiol. 2021 Dec 15:S0167-5273(21)02016-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2021.12.024. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate for occult systolic dysfunction and the effect of methamphetamine cessation among patients with methamphetamine use (MU) and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF).

METHODS: A retrospective cohort of patients with HFpEF with serial echocardiograms was stratified by MU and evaluated using myocardial strain analysis on echocardiograms at baseline and 1 year to measure global longitudinal strain (GLS). Contemporaneous controls with an ICD diagnosis of HF within 3 days of an MU case were chosen.

RESULTS: Patients with MU (n = 31) were younger (49 ± 10 vs 59 ± 16 years, p < 0.01) and more frequently male (55% vs 26%, p = 0.04) than controls (n = 23). There was no baseline difference in ejection fraction (EF) (median 66% [IQR 58,71%] vs 62% [56,69%], p = 0.33) or GLS (-13.0% [-16.3,-10.9%] vs -14.8% [-16.0,-11.3%], p = 0.40). At one-year follow-up, MU cessation (n = 15) was associated with improvement in GLS (absolute change -4.4% [-6.5,-1.7%], p < 0.01), while no absolute change was observed with continued MU (n = 16) (0.74% [-1.2,-2.8%], p = 0.22) or controls without MU (-0.6% [-2.1,2.8%], p = 0.78). Of those with abnormal baseline GLS, normalization was observed in 46% with MU cessation, none with continued MU, and 5% of controls (p < 0.001). Among MU patients, improvement in GLS was associated with decreased HF admissions per year [HR 0.74 per 1% change in GLS, 95% CI 0.55,0.98, p = 0.04].

CONCLUSIONS: Patients with MU and HFpEF may have occult systolic dysfunction as demonstrated by abnormal GLS, and MU cessation at 1 year is associated with improvement in GLS and a reduction in risk of HF admissions.

PMID:34921901 | DOI:10.1016/j.ijcard.2021.12.024

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.