J Nucl Cardiol. 2021 Dec 16. doi: 10.1007/s12350-021-02874-6. Online ahead of print.
PURPOSE: In gated myocardial perfusion SPECT, apical remodeling may be identified by the presence of a divergent pattern (DP) of the left ventricle (LV).
METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined 150 anterior ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients, all successfully treated with primary percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). Perfusion gated-SPECT to measure infarct size, LV end-diastolic (ED) and end-systolic (ES) volumes and ejection fraction (EF) was acquired before hospital discharge and repeated at 6-month follow-up. DP was observed in 26 patients, who had larger infarct size (28 ± 19% vs. 15.7 ± 17%, P < 0.02), and lower EF (33 ± 7% vs. 41 ± 10%, P < 0.001) than patients without DP. At follow-up, DP patients had significantly larger EDV (156 ± 54 vs. 107 ± 44 mL, P < 0.0001), ESV (104 ± 47 vs. 59 ± 36 mL, P < 0.0001) and lower EF (35 ± 12% vs. 48 ± 13%, P < 0.0001). 54% of DP patients developed remodeling at follow-up vs. 12% of those without DP (P < 0.001). During follow up, 7 events in the DP group (27%) and 11 events in patients without DP (9%; P < 0.02) occurred. Kaplan-Meier survival curves showed a worse prognosis for DP patients.
CONCLUSION: In patients with anterior AMI, early DP detection is related to subsequent LV dysfunction, larger infarct size, and worse severity. It is helpful for predicting LV remodeling at short-term follow-up and has prognostic implications.