The Prognostic Impact of Hospital Transfer after Admission due to Acute Heart Failure

Link to article at PubMed

Int Heart J. 2021;62(6):1310-1319. doi: 10.1536/ihj.21-126.


The prognostic impact of transfer to another hospital among acute heart failure (AHF) patients has not been well elucidated.Of the 800 AHF patients analyzed, 682 patients were enrolled in this study for analysis. The subjects were divided into two groups according to their discharge location: discharge home (Group-H, n = 589) or transfer to another hospital for rehabilitation (Group-T, n = 93). The Kaplan-Meier curves revealed a poorer prognosis, including all-cause death and heart failure (HF) events (death, readmission-HF), in Group-T than that in Group-H (P < 0.001, respectively). A multivariate Cox regression model showed that Group-T was an independent predictor of 365-day all-cause death (hazard ratio: 2.618, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.510-4.538, P = 0.001). The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that aging (per 1-year-old increase, odds ratio [OR]: 1.056, 95% CI: 1.028-1.085, P < 0.001), female gender (OR: 2.128, 95% CI: 1.287-3.521, P = 0.003), endotracheal intubation during hospitalization (OR: 2.074, 95% CI: 1.093-3.936, P = 0.026), and increased Controlling Nutritional Status score on admission (per 1.0-point increase, OR: 1.247, 95% CI: 1.131-1.475, P < 0.001) were associated with transfer to another hospital after AHF admission. The prognosis, including all-cause death, was determined to be significantly poorer in patients who were transferred to another hospital, as their activities of daily living were noted to lessen before discharge (n = 11) compared to others (n = 82).Elderly AHF patients suffering from malnutrition were difficult to discharge home after AHF admission, and transfer to another hospital only led to adverse outcomes. Appropriate rehabilitation during definitive hospitalization appears necessary for managing elderly patients in the HF pandemic era.

PMID:34853224 | DOI:10.1536/ihj.21-126

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