Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension in Patients Infected with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Link to article at PubMed

Cardiol Clin. 2022 Feb;40(1):45-54. doi: 10.1016/j.ccl.2021.08.004.


It is important to recognize and treat human immunodeficiency virus-associated pulmonary arterial hypertension (HIV-PAH) because of the associated morbidity and mortality. With the introduction of antiretroviral therapies (ART), improved survival has changed the focus of treatment management from immunodeficiency-related opportunistic infections to chronic cardiovascular complications, including HIV-PAH. The 2018 6th World Symposium of Pulmonary Hypertension recommended a revised definition of PAH that might result in a greater number of patients with HIV-PAH; however, the implication of this change is not yet clear. Here, we review the current literature on the diagnosis, management, and outcomes of patients with HIV-PAH.

PMID:34809916 | DOI:10.1016/j.ccl.2021.08.004

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