World J Cardiol. 2021 Oct 26;13(10):566-573. doi: 10.4330/wjc.v13.i10.566.
BACKGROUND: High-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) levels are frequently elevated in elderly patients presenting to the emergency department for non-cardiac events. However, most studies on the role of elevated hs-cTn in elderly populations have investigated the prognostic value of hs-cTn in patients with a specific diagnosis or have assessed the relationship between hs-cTn and comorbidities.
AIM: To investigate the in-hospital prognosis of consecutive elderly patients admitted to the Internal Medicine Department with acute non-cardiac events and increased hs-cTnI levels.
METHODS: In this retrospective study, we selected patients who were aged ≥ 65 years and admitted to the Internal Medicine Department of our hospital between January 2019 and December 2019 for non-cardiac reasons. Eligible patients were those who had hs-cTnI concentrations ≥ 100 ng/L. We investigated the independent predictors of in-hospital mortality by multivariable logistic regression analysis.
RESULTS: One hundred and forty-six patients (59% female) were selected with an age range from 65 to 100 (mean ± SD: 85.4 ± 7.61) years. The median hs-cTnI value was 284.2 ng/L. For 72 (49%) patients the diagnosis of hospitalization was an infectious disease. The overall in-hospital mortality was 32% (47 patients). Individuals who died did not have higher hs-cTnI levels compared with those who were discharged alive (median: 314.8 vs 282.5 ng/L; P = 0.565). There was no difference in mortality in patients with infectious vs non-infectious disease (29% vs 35%). Multivariable analysis showed that age (OR 1.062 per 1 year increase, 95%CI: 1.000-1.127; P = 0.048) and creatinine levels (OR 2.065 per 1 mg/dL increase, 95%CI: 1.383-3.085; P < 0.001) were the only independent predictors of death. Mortality was 49% in patients with eGFR < 30 mL/min/1.73 m2.
CONCLUSION: Myocardial injury is a malignant condition in elderly patients admitted to the hospital for non-cardiac reasons. The presence of severe renal impairment is a marker of extremely high in-hospital mortality.