Anat Sci Educ. 2021 Nov 8. doi: 10.1002/ase.2151. Online ahead of print.
Despite its significant clinical use, there is no standardized point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) curriculum in undergraduate medical education. As Covid-19 abruptly mandated the use of virtual education, instructors were challenged to incorporate and improve POCUS education within these new constraints. It was hypothesized that integrating POCUS into anatomy via brief video lessons and a subsequent interactive virtual lesson would lead to an objective understanding of POCUS concepts, improved understanding of the corresponding anatomy, and subjective improvement of student confidence with POCUS. A cross-sectional descriptive study assessed first-year medical students' perspectives and performance before and after the interventions (n = 161). The intervention was split into two parts: (1) three optional ten-minute POCUS videos that reinforced anatomy concepts taught in the laboratory sessions, and (2) a subsequent two-hour interactive virtual session reviewing POCUS and anatomy concepts. Students completed a knowledge and confidence assessment tool before and after the interactive session. Survey responses (n = 51) indicated that 94% of students felt the optional videos improved their understanding of POCUS and were educationally valuable. 50% indicated that the demonstrations improved their anatomy understanding. Initial self-reported confidence was low after the optional video lessons despite an average score of 58% on the knowledge assessment (n=130). However, confidence increased significantly along with an increase in score performance to 80% after the interactive session (n = 39, P < 0.01). Results suggest the virtual integration pilot enhanced student learning of both anatomy and POCUS.