J Grad Med Educ. 2021 Oct;13(5):717-721. doi: 10.4300/JGME-D-21-00045.1. Epub 2021 Oct 15.
BACKGROUND: Medical interns are at risk for sleep deprivation from long and often rotating work schedules. However, the effects of specific rotations on sleep are less clear.
OBJECTIVE: To examine differences in sleep duration and alertness among internal medicine interns during inpatient intensive care unit (ICU) compared to general medicine (GM) rotations.
METHODS: This secondary analysis compared interns during a GM or ICU rotation from a randomized trial (2015-2016) of 12 internal medicine residency programs assigned to different work hour limit policies (standard 16-hour shifts or no shift-length limits). The primary outcome was sleep duration/24-hour using continuous wrist actigraphy over a 13-day period. Secondary outcomes assessed each morning during the concomitant actigraphy period were sleepiness (Karolinska Sleepiness Scale [KSS]), alertness (number of Brief Psychomotor Vigilance Test [PVT-B] lapses), and self-report of excessive sleepiness over past 24 hours. Linear mixed-effect models with random program intercept determined associations between each outcome by rotation, controlling for age, sex, and work hour policy followed.
RESULTS: Of 398 interns, 386 were included (n = 261 GM, n = 125 ICU). Average sleep duration was 7.00±0.08h and 6.84±0.10h, and number of PVT lapses were 5.5±0.5 and 5.7±0.7 for GM and ICU, respectively (all P > .05). KSS was 4.8±0.1 for both rotations. Compared to GM, ICU interns reported more days of excessive sleepiness from 12am-6am (2.6 vs 1.7, P < .001) and 6am-12pm (2.6 vs 1.9, P = .013) and had higher percent of days with sleep duration < 6 hours (27.6% vs 23.4%, P < .001). GM interns reported more days with no excessive sleepiness (5.3 vs 3.7, P < .001).
CONCLUSIONS: Despite ICU interns reporting more excessive sleepiness in morning hours and more days of insufficient sleep (<6 hours), overall sleep duration and alertness did not significantly differ between rotations.