Evaluation of a Pharmacist-Driven Procalcitonin Protocol for Lower Respiratory Tract Infections Using a Clinical Decision Support System

Link to article at PubMed

Hosp Pharm. 2021 Oct;56(5):569-575. doi: 10.1177/0018578720931450. Epub 2020 Jun 8.


Purpose: Procalcitonin (PCT) may be an effective biomarker in the management of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) when combined with antimicrobial stewardship support. We assessed the impact of a PCT protocol with clinical pharmacy support for LRTI using a clinical decision support system (CDSS) for monitoring. Methods: This was a single-center retrospective cohort study conducted at a large, nonteaching hospital in Nashville, TN. All patients who met eligibility requirements and were initiated on the PCT protocol for a suspected LRTI between February and March 2018 were included and matched to historical control patients from 2016 to 2017 on a 1:1 basis based on antibiotics, indication, and time of year. Results: During this 2-month period, a total of 126 patients met eligibility requirements for inclusion in the PCT group and were matched to historical control patients. Patients in the PCT group received decreased median antibiotic days of therapy (DOT) compared to controls (11 vs 14, P = .004). There was no change in median length of stay (LOS) between groups. The acceptance rate for patient-specific antibiotic de-escalation recommendations from the clinical pharmacist was 62.5%. Conclusion: PCT protocols that utilize clinical pharmacist interpretation and a CDSS may be an effective intervention of the antimicrobial stewardship program (ASP) for decreasing antibiotic DOT for LRTI.

PMID:34720162 | PMC:PMC8554600 | DOI:10.1177/0018578720931450

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