J Geriatr Cardiol. 2021 Sep 28;18(9):728-738. doi: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2021.09.010.
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between beta-blockers and 1-year clinical outcomes in heart failure (HF) patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), and further explore this association that differs by left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) level.
METHODS: We enrolled hospitalized HF patients with AF from China Patient-centered Evaluative Assessment of Cardiac Events Prospective Heart Failure Study. COX proportional hazard regression models were employed to calculate hazard ratio of beta-blockers. The primary outcome was all-cause death.
RESULTS: Among 1762 HF patients with AF (756 women [41.4%]), 1041 (56%) received beta-blockers at discharge and 1272 (72.2%) had an LVEF > 40%. During one year follow up, all-cause death occurred in 305 (17.3%), cardiovascular death occurred in 203 patients (11.5%), and rehospitalizations for HF occurred in 622 patients (35.2%). After adjusting for demographic characteristics, social economic status, smoking status, medical history, anthropometric characteristics, and medications used at discharge, the use of beta-blockers at discharge was not associated with all-cause death [hazard ratio (HR): 0.86; 95% Confidence Interval (CI): 0.65-1.12; P = 0.256], cardiovascular death (HR: 0.76, 95% CI: 0.52-1.11; P = 0.160), or the composite outcome of all-cause death and HF rehospitalization (HR: 0.97, 95% CI: 0.82-1.14; P = 0.687) in the entire cohort. There were no significant interactions between use of beta-blockers at discharge and LVEF with respect to all-cause death, cardiovascular death, or composite outcome. In the adjusted models, the use of beta-blockers at discharge was not associated with all-cause death, cardiovascular death, or composite outcome across the different levels of LVEF: reduced (< 40%), mid-range (40%-49%), or preserved LVEF (≥ 50%).
CONCLUSION: Among HF patients with AF, the use of beta-blockers at discharge was not associated with 1-year clinical outcomes, regardless of LVEF.