BMC Nephrol. 2021 Aug 25;22(1):289. doi: 10.1186/s12882-021-02503-x.
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) newly-emerged in intensive care unit (ICU), has not been thoroughly studied in previous researches, is likely to differ from AKI developed before ICU admission. This study aimed to evaluate the incidence, risk factors, clinical features and outcome of new-onset AKI in critically ill patients.
METHODS: The data of present study derived from a multicenter, prospective cohort study in17 Chinese ICUs (January 2014 - August 2015). The incidence, risk factors, clinical features and survival analysis of new-onset AKI were assessed.
RESULTS: A total of 3374 adult critically ill patients were eligible. The incidence of new-onset AKI was 30.0 % (n = 1012). Factors associated with a higher risk of new-onset AKI included coronary heart disease, hypertension, chronic liver disease, use of nephrotoxic drugs, sepsis, SOFA score, APACHEII score and use of vasopressors. The new-onset AKI was an independent risk factor for 28-day mortality (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.643; 95 % CI, 1.370-1.948; P < 0.001). 220 (21.7 %) patients received renal replacement therapy (RRT), 71 (32.3 %) of them were successfully weaning from RRT. More than half of the new-onset AKI were transient AKI (renal recovery within 48 h). There was no statistical relationship between transient AKI and 28-day mortality (hazard ratio, 1.406; 95 % CI, 0.840-1.304; P = 0.686), while persistent AKI (non-renal recovery within 48 h) was strongly associated with 28-day mortality (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.486; 95 % CI, 1.137-1.943; P < 0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: New-onset AKI is common in ICU patients and is associated with significantly higher 28-day mortality. Only persistent AKI, but not transient AKI is associated with significantly higher 28-day mortality.