Incidence and predictors of 30-day hospital readmissions for liver cirrhosis: insights from the United States National Readmissions Database

Link to article at PubMed

Ann Transl Med. 2021 Jul;9(13):1052. doi: 10.21037/atm-20-1762.


BACKGROUND: Cirrhosis is associated with substantial inpatient morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to determine the trends in 30-day hospital readmission rates among patients with cirrhosis and identify factors associated with these readmissions.

METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of data retrieved from the Nationwide Readmissions Database to determine trends in 30-day readmission for patients discharged with a diagnosis of cirrhosis in 2010 through 2014. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify predictors of readmission.

RESULTS: Among 303,346 patients identified from the database, the 30-day readmission rate for patients with a discharge diagnosis of cirrhosis was 31.4% (n=95,298). The trends in the readmission rates remained steady during the study period. On multivariate analysis, female sex, age 45 years or older, esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) during admission, and disposition to a short-term care facility or skilled nursing facility protected against readmissions. In contrast, coverage by Medicaid insurance, admission during a weekend, nonalcoholic cause of cirrhosis, and history of hepatic encephalopathy and ascites were associated with readmission.

CONCLUSIONS: We found an exceptionally high 30-day readmission rate in patients with cirrhosis, although it remained stable during the study period. This study identified some modifiable factors such as disposition to a short-term care facility or skilled nursing facility and patients' attendance of alcohol rehabilitation facilities that could decrease the likelihood of readmission and could inform local and national healthcare policymakers.

PMID:34422964 | PMC:PMC8339830 | DOI:10.21037/atm-20-1762

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