Combined Use of Computed Tomography Enterography/Enteroclysis and Capsule Endoscopy Improves the Accuracy of Diagnosis of Small Bowel Bleeding

Link to article at PubMed

Intern Med. 2021;60(16):2545-2555. doi: 10.2169/internalmedicine.6785-20. Epub 2021 Aug 15.


Objective CT enterography/enteroclysis (CTE) is listed in the clinical practice guidelines as a method for diagnosing small bowel bleeding, as is capsule endoscopy (CE), but there are no real-world data yet available on CTE in Japan. This study aimed to investigate the diagnostic ability of CTE and long-term prognosis after CTE in Japan. Patients We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients suspected of having small bowel bleeding who underwent both CTE and CE within 30 days between April 2008 and March 2019. The number of patients free from rebleeding for up to 24 months was thus determined. Results Seventy-one patients were extracted from the database. The 43 patients (60.6%) with a definite and suspicious source of bleeding in the small bowel were detected by CTE. When the 31 patients with a definite source of bleeding in the small bowel were analyzed, the sensitivity of CTE was 19/31 (61.3%) and that of CE was 24/31 (77.4%), thus indicating no significant difference (p=0.332). However, the sensitivity when CTE and CE were used in combination was 30/31 (96.8%), which was significantly higher than that of CE alone (p=0.0412). No rebleeding was observed in the CTE and CE negative group (p=0.0965). Conclusion The combined use of CTE and CE increased the detection rate of small bowel bleeding. Therefore, in patients with suspected tumor/polyp lesions, not only CE, but also CTE should be performed. This study provides the first real-world data on the diagnostic accuracy of CTE for small bowel bleeding in Japan.

PMID:34393155 | DOI:10.2169/internalmedicine.6785-20

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