Adv Chronic Kidney Dis. 2021 Jan;28(1):83-90. doi: 10.1053/j.ackd.2021.06.003.
The use of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) is rapidly increasing in nephrology. It provides the opportunity to obtain complementary information that is more accurate than the classic physical examination. One can quickly follow the physical examination with a systematic POCUS evaluation of the kidneys, ureter bladder, inferior vena cava, heart, and lungs, which can provide diagnostic information and an accurate assessment of the patient's hemodynamics and volume status. Moreover, because it is safe and relatively easy to perform, it can be performed in a repeated manner as often as necessary so that the physician can reassess the patient's hemodynamics and volume status and adjust their therapy accordingly, permitting a more personalized approach to patient care (rather than blindly following protocols), especially to patients in acute care nephrology. Despite these advantages, nephrologists have been slow to adopt this diagnostic modality, perhaps because of lack of expertise. This review will provide an overview of the most commonly used POCUS examinations performed by nephrologists in the acute care setting. Its aim is to spark interest in in POCUS and to lay the foundation for readers to pursue more advanced training so that POCUS becomes a readily available tool in your diagnostic arsenal.