Acute variceal bleeding and out-of-hours endoscopy: Evaluation of an emergency care setting according to baveno VI guidelines adherence

Link to article at PubMed

Dig Liver Dis. 2021 Aug 1:S1590-8658(21)00376-5. doi: 10.1016/j.dld.2021.07.004. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: The extent to which patients with acute variceal bleeding (AVB) receive recommended care is largely unknown.

AIM: to evaluate the adherence of the 4 major Baveno VI recommendations [vasoactive agents, prophylactic antibiotic, esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) within 12 hours, endoscopic variceal ligation (EVL)] as a marker of quality of an emergency model.

METHODS: Retrospective evaluation of AVB admissions to a tertiary centre in which endoscopy was available 24hours-a-day, with a regional out-of-hours service at night (the furthest hospital is 200Km away). Patients were divided in directly admitted or transferred from other centres.

RESULTS: 210 AVB patients were included; 101 (48.1%) were directly admitted. The majority of patients were submitted to vasoactive agents (85.7%) and prophylactic antibiotics (79%) before EGD. In 178 patients (84.8%) endoscopy was performed within 12h and EVL was the procedure of choice in 116 (74.8%) (only oesophageal varices). No significant differences were observed between directly admitted and transferred patients in adherence rates. Overall rebleeding rate was 8.6%, in-hospital mortality 11.4% and 6-week mortality 20%.

CONCLUSION: Adherence to quality metrics was high which might have played a vital role for reported outcomes. These results suggest that this model of care, provides accessibility and equity in access to urgent endoscopy.

PMID:34348881 | DOI:10.1016/j.dld.2021.07.004

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