Cureus. 2021 Jul 24;13(7):e16607. doi: 10.7759/cureus.16607. eCollection 2021 Jul.
OBJECTIVES: Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia has a mortality rate of 20-40% and is mainly caused by central venous catheter (CVC) infection. We aimed to investigate differences between patients with methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) and methicillin-sensitive S. aureus (MSSA) bacteremia due to CVC infection.
METHODS: This retrospective study, of data collected between August 2004 and March 2016 at a single Tokyo hospital, compared the clinical background characteristics, complications, and 60-day mortality rates with positive peripheral blood cultures and positive semiquantitative cultures. MRSA carrier is defined as those with a history of MRSA detection by skin, urine, or sputum culture.
RESULTS: The median ages for the 17 MRSA and 19 MSSA patients were 72 and 55 years, respectively (P < 0.01). The occurrences of baseline disease (MRSA vs. MSSA) were 59% vs. 16% (P = 0.01), respectively, while those of complications, including septic shock, were 48% vs. 16% (P = 0.07), respectively. Catheter placement duration, time from fever onset to CVC removal, and time from fever onset to antimicrobial therapy initiation were similar in both groups. Sixty-day mortality rates were 35% and 5.3% (P = 0.04) in the MRSA and MSSA groups, respectively.
CONCLUSION: MRSA carriers and older patients were at higher risks of CVC infection than MSSA bacteremia patients. Patients with MRSA bacteremia had higher septic shock and 60-day mortality rates despite appropriate antimicrobial therapy.