Intern Med. 2021;60(15):2367-2374. doi: 10.2169/internalmedicine.6127-20. Epub 2021 Aug 1.
Objective Our aim was to investigate the impact of the sodium glucose cotransporter type 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor on the left ventricular (LV) diastolic function in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with chronic heart failure (HF) complicating cardiovascular risk factors. Methods We analyzed data from our previous prospective multicenter study, in which we investigated the effect of dapagliflozin on the LV diastolic function of T2DM patients with stable HF at five institutions in Japan. Patients who had been taking at least 1 antidiabetic drug other than SGLT2 inhibitors started treatment with dapagliflozin. Echocardiography was performed at baseline and six months after the administration of dapagliflozin. Cardiovascular risk factors other than T2DM were age, gender, hypertension, dyslipidemia, history of cardiovascular events and overweight. Results The LV diastolic function, defined as the ratio of the mitral inflow E to the mitral e' annular velocities (E/e'), significantly decreased from 9.3 to 8.5 by six months after the administration of dapagliflozin (p=0.020) as previously reported. A multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that dyslipidemia was the only independent determinant of improvement in the E/e' after the administration of dapagliflozin among cardiovascular risk factors. Furthermore, the relative change in the E/e' from baseline to six months after the administration of dapagliflozin for HF patients with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and dyslipidemia was significantly larger than that for HFpEF patients without dyslipidemia (-15.2% vs. 29.6%, p=0.014), but no such finding was observed in non-HFpEF patients. Conclusion SGLT2 inhibitors may exert a more beneficial effect on the LV diastolic function for T2DM patients with stable HF, especially those with complicating dyslipidemia, than existing treatments.