J Vasc Access. 2021 Jul 19:11297298211034023. doi: 10.1177/11297298211034023. Online ahead of print.
Short peripheral intravenous cannulas have different features, as they may be winged or non-winged, ported or non-ported, equipped or not with needle stick prevention and "blood stop" mechanisms, and integrated or not with preassembled extensions or preassembled needle free connector. In the current range of commercially available short peripheral cannulas, there is one device that is apparently associated with several clinical advantages. In fact, short peripheral cannulas with safety mechanisms, closed system, winged, non-ported, and equipped with preassembled extension and preassembled needle-free connector appear to be associated with prolonged dwell time, reduction of the incidence of several complications (infiltration/extravasation, dislodgement, phlebitis, infection, blood leakage), cost reduction, and increased satisfaction of patients and clinicians. To clarify the current terminology and to identify this device for future clinical studies, the authors advocate the use of the term "integrated short peripheral cannula." A rapid review of the current evidence suggests that this new device may have different clinical performance and different indications if compared to standard short peripheral cannulas. Though, the optimal clinical outcome can be achieved only when the device is inserted and maintained with proper protocols.