Dysphagia: clinical evaluation and management

Link to article at PubMed

Intern Med J. 2021 Jul;51(7):1021-1027. doi: 10.1111/imj.15409.


Dysphagia is a common problem affecting all ages. It is increasing in frequency particularly among the younger population due to the rising incidence of eosinophilic oesophagitis, a condition which often leads to acute presentation to hospital for the first time with food bolus obstruction requiring endoscopic removal. Careful history taking remains the first and most important step in evaluating dysphagia, and it is especially important to distinguish an oropharyngeal versus oesophageal origin, which helps to guide further investigation and therapy. The three main investigations for dysphagia remain endoscopy, barium study and manometry, with endoscopy also offering therapeutic potential. Management is largely determined by the eventual diagnosis, often in a multi-disciplinary setting.

PMID:34278699 | DOI:10.1111/imj.15409

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