Usefulness of a Novel Risk Score to Predict In-Hospital Mortality in Patients ≥ 60 Years of Age with ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction

Link to article at PubMed

Am J Cardiol. 2021 Jul 11:S0002-9149(21)00515-4. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2021.05.036. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Numerous algorithms are available to predict short-term mortality in ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) but none are focused on elderly patients or include invasive hemodynamics. A simplified risk score (LASH score) including left ventricular end diastolic pressure > 20 mm Hg, age > 75 years, systolic blood pressure < 100 mm Hg and heart rate > 100 bpm was tested in a retrospective, single-center study of 346 patients ≥ 60 years old who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). The median age was 70 years [IQR: 64, 79], 60.1% were men, and 77.8% identified as White. In-hospital all-cause mortality was 10.1%. Patients with a LASH score ≥ 3 (n = 34) had an in-hospital mortality rate of 44.1% compared to 6.4% for LASH score ≤ 2 (p < 0.0001). The odds ratio for in-hospital mortality for patients with LASH score ≥ 3 was 13.2 (95% CI 5.3-33.1) compared to patients with a LASH score ≤ 2 when adjusted for sex, cardiac arrest, heart failure, and prior cerebrovascular event. The LASH score had an area under the ROC curve for predicting in-hospital mortality of 0.795 [CI 0.716-0.872], as compared to TIMI-STEMI (0.881, CI 0.829-0.931; p = 0.01), GRACE (0.849, CI 0.778-0.920; p = 0.19), shock index (0.769, CI 0.667-0.871; p = 0.51) and modified shock index (0.765, CI 0.716-0.873; p = 0.48). In summary, a simplified, easy to calculate risk score that incorporates age and invasive hemodynamics predicts in-hospital mortality in patients ≥ 60 years old undergoing PPCI for STEMI.

PMID:34261591 | DOI:10.1016/j.amjcard.2021.05.036

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