Impact of smart pump-electronic health record interoperability on patient safety and finances at a community hospital

Link to article at PubMed

Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2021 Jul 14:zxab287. doi: 10.1093/ajhp/zxab287. Online ahead of print.


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PURPOSE: Integrating smart pumps with an electronic health record (EHR) reduces medication errors by automating pump programming and EHR documentation. This study describes the patient safety and financial impact of pump-EHR interoperability at a community hospital.

METHODS: A 316-bed community hospital in Sugar Land, TX, went live with pump-EHR interoperability in October 2019. Data were collected from April 1, 2019, to June 30, 2019 (before implementation) and from April 1, 2020, to June 30, 2020 (after implementation). Rates of drug library compliance, alert firing, alert override, override within 2 seconds, high-risk alert override, and alert resulting in pump reprogramming were measured. Financial impact was measured by Current Procedural Terminology code capture per kept appointment in the infusion center.

RESULTS: Drug library compliance increased from 73.8% to 82.9% with pump-EHR interoperability (P < 0.001). Infusions generating alerts among all infusions programmed with the drug library decreased from 3.5% to 2.6% (P < 0.001), overridden alerts increased from 64.8% to 68.9% (P < 0.001), alerts overridden within 2 seconds decreased from 17.3% to 13.8% (P < 0.001), and reprogrammed alerts decreased from 20.7% to 18.3% (P = 0.002).

CONCLUSION: Pump-EHR interoperability leads to safer administration of intravenous medications based on improved drug library compliance and more accurate smart pump programming.

PMID:34260685 | DOI:10.1093/ajhp/zxab287

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