Cardiol Clin. 2021 Aug;39(3):295-306. doi: 10.1016/j.ccl.2021.04.001.
The interaction between nephrology and cardiovascular medicine is much broader than the cardiorenal syndrome. Many different aspects of cardiovascular medicine are interconnected with and substantially influenced by the conditions that fall into the realm of nephrology, and vice versa. Those aspects include pathophysiology, risk factors, epidemiology, prognosis, prevention, diagnosis, monitoring, and therapy. Discovery of the interconnected areas and development of appropriate knowledge and skill to optimally approach those circumstances can improve the quality of care and outcome of a large population of patients. Therefore, establishment of the distinct subspeciality of nephrocardiology is imperative.