Quinidine in the Management of Recurrent Ventricular Arrhythmias: A Reappraisal

Link to article at PubMed

JACC Clin Electrophysiol. 2021 Jun 22:S2405-500X(21)00327-3. doi: 10.1016/j.jacep.2021.03.024. Online ahead of print.


OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to review the utility of quinidine in patients presenting with recurrent sustained ventricular arrhythmia (VA) and limited antiarrhythmic drug (AAD) options.

BACKGROUND: Therapeutic options are often limited in patients with structural heart disease and recurrent VAs. Quinidine has an established role in rare arrhythmic syndromes, but its potential use in other difficult VAs has not been assessed in the present era.

METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 37 patients who had in-hospital quinidine initiation after multiple other therapies failed for VA suppression at our tertiary referral center. Clinical data and outcomes were obtained from the medical record.

RESULTS: Of 30 patients with in-hospital quantifiable VA episodes, quinidine reduced acute VA from a median of 3 episodes (interquartile range [IQR]: 2 to 7.5) to 0 (IQR: 0 to 0.5) during medians of 3 days before and 4 days after quinidine initiation (p < 0.001). VA events decreased from a median of 10.5 episodes per day (IQR: 5 to 15) to 0.5 episodes (IQR: 0 to 4) after quinidine initiation in the 12 patients presenting with electrical storm (p = 0.004). Among the 24 patients discharged on quinidine, 13 (54.2%) had VA recurrence during a median of 138 days. Adverse effects in 9 of the 37 patients (24.3%) led to drug discontinuation, most commonly gastrointestinal intolerance.

CONCLUSIONS: In patients with recurrent VAs and structural heart disease who have limited treatment options, quinidine can be useful, particularly as a short-term therapy.

PMID:34217656 | DOI:10.1016/j.jacep.2021.03.024

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