Acute Med. 2021;20(2):116-124.
BACKGROUND: Many patients with suspected infection are presented to the emergency Department. Several scoring systems have been proposed to identify patients at high risk of adverse outcomes.
METHODS: We compared generic early warning scores (MEWS and NEWS) to the (SIRS) criteria and quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessement (qSOFA), for early risk stratification in 1400 patients with suspected infection in the ED. The primary study end point was 30-day mortality.
RESULTS: The AUROC of the NEWS score for predicting 30-day mortality was 0.740 (95% Confidence Interval 0.682- 0.798), higher than qSOFA (AUROC of 0.689, 95% CI 0.615- 0.763), MEWS (AUROC 0.643 (95% CI 0.583-0.702) and SIRS (AUROC 0.586, 95%CI 0.521 - 0.651). The sensitivity was also highest for NEWS⋝ 5 (sensitivity 75,8% specificity of 67,4%).
CONCLUSION: Among patients presenting to the ED with suspected infection, early risk stratification with NEWS (cut-off of ⋝5) is more sensitive for prediction of mortality than qSOFA, MEWS or SIRS, with adequate specificity.