Outcomes and Resource Utilization of Atrial Fibrillation Hospitalizations With Type 2 Myocardial Infarction

Link to article at PubMed

Am J Cardiol. 2021 Jun 12:S0002-9149(21)00416-1. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2021.04.036. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Scarce data exist on the prognostic impact of type 2 myocardial infarction (MI) in patients with AF. The Nationwide Readmission Database 2018 was queried for primary AF hospitalizations with and without type 2 MI. Complex samples multivariable logistic and linear regression models were used to determine the association between type 2 MI and outcomes (in-hospital mortality, index length of stay [LOS], hospital costs, discharge to nursing facility, and 30-day all-cause readmissions). Of 382,896 weighted primary AF hospitalizations included in this study, 7,375 (1.9%) had type 2 MI. AF with type 2 MI is associated with significantly higher in-hospital mortality (adjusted OR [aOR] 1.76; 95% CI 1.30 to 2.38), LOS (adjusted parameter estimate [aPE] 0.48; 95% CI 0.35 to 0.62), hospital costs (aPE 1307.75; 95% CI 986.05 to 1647.44), discharges to nursing facility (aOR 1.38; 95% CI 1.24 to 1.54), and 30-day all-cause readmissions (adjusted hazard ratio 1.17; 95% CI 1.07 to 1.27) compared to AF without type 2 MI. Heart failure, chronic kidney disease, neurologic disorders, and age (per year) were identified as independent predictors of mortality among AF patients with type 2 MI. In conclusion, type 2 MI in the setting of AF hospitalization is associated with high in-hospital mortality and increased resource utilization.

PMID:34130825 | DOI:10.1016/j.amjcard.2021.04.036

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