Int J Artif Organs. 2021 Jun 15:3913988211023782. doi: 10.1177/03913988211023782. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: Hyperinflammation and cytokine release has been associated with severe Covid-19. Hemadsorption cartridges may have a potential role in treatment of cytokine storm associated with the development of severe Covid-19.
METHODS: We retrospectively examined the case records of patients with severe Covid-19 receiving adjunctive hemadsorption (HA) in our ICU. We analyzed inflammatory biomarkers pre- and post- HA.
RESULTS: Fifteen patients received HA during the study period. All were intubated, ventilated and required renal replacement therapy. 11/15 were supported on ECMO. Mean ferritin 2652 (±3286) ng/ml, mean CRP 154 (±92) mg/ml, median D-dimer 3071 (±2689) ng/ml, mean troponin 236 (±461) ng/L. We found significant difference in pre-and post- treatment ferritin 3622 ng/ml versus 1682 ng/ml (p = 0.022), CRP 222 mg/ml versus 103 mg/ml (p = 0.008, 95% CI 22.4-126.5), lactate 2 mmol/L versus 1.3 mmol/L (p = 0.017), and procalcitonin 15.3 ng/ml versus 4.2 ng/ml (p = 0.023). No significant difference in pre- and post- treatment IL-6 14 pg/ml versus 43 pg/ml (p = 0.32), IL-10 3.4 pg/ml versus 2.6 pg/ml (p = 0.31), IL1 β 0.37 pg/ml versus 0.77 pg/ml (p = 0.75), TNF α 12.77 pg/ml versus 12.49 pg/ml (p = 0.75), VIS 10.04 versus 6.01 (p = 0.31, 95% CI 5.98-17.16) was seen.
CONCLUSIONS: The use of HA as adjunctive treatment in a critically unwell group of COVID-19 patients lead to a reduction in ferritin, CRP, procalcitonin and lactate with no significant change in other parameters. The use of HA in the treatment of severe COVID-19 requires further larger randomized studies.