Clin Infect Dis. 2021 Jun 10:ciab536. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciab536. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: There is limited data on outcomes of moderate to severe Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) among patients treated with remdesivir and dexamethasone in a real-world setting.
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of standard of care (SOC) alone vs SOC plus remdesivir and dexamethasone.
METHODS: Two population-based nationwide cohorts of individuals hospitalized with COVID-19 during February through December 2020. Death within 30 days and need of mechanical ventilation (MV) were compared by inverse probability of treatment weighted (ITPW) logistic regression analysis and shown as odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI).
RESULTS: The 30-d mortality rate of 1694 individuals treated with remdesivir and dexamethasone in addition to SOC was 12.6% compared to 19.7% for 1053 individuals receiving SOC alone. This corresponded to a weighted OR of 30-day mortality of 0.47 (95% CI, 0.38-0.57) for patients treated with remdesivir and dexamethasone compared to patients receiving SOC alone. Similarly, progression to MV was reduced (OR 0.36 (95% CI, 0.29-0.46)).
CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: Treatment of moderate to severe COVID-19 during June through December that included remdesivir and dexamethasone was associated with reduced 30-day mortality and need of MV compared to treatment in February through May.
PMID:34111274 | DOI:10.1093/cid/ciab536