Urology. 2021 May 17:S0090-4295(21)00401-5. doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2021.05.011. Online ahead of print.
Genitourinary infections are commonly encountered and managed in inpatient, outpatient and emergency settings. Fournier's Gangrene, emphysematous pyelonephritis and obstructive pyelonephritis represent the most serious urologic infections and have a high risk of mortality if not managed promptly. Due to the rarity of these infections, the evidence for specific treatment strategies is scattered. This review aims to provide comprehensive, evidence-based recommendations for the diagnosis and management of these life-threatening urologic infections.