Cureus. 2021 May 16;13(5):e15057. doi: 10.7759/cureus.15057.
AIM: Optimum timing is crucial to avoid negative outcomes of weaning. We aimed to investigate predictive values of diaphragmatic thickening fraction (DTF), diaphragmatic excursion (DE), and anterolateral lung ultrasound (LUS) scores in extubation success and compare with rapid shallow breathing index (RSBI) in patients extubated under traditional parameters.
METHODS: Patients undergoing mechanical ventilation for >48 hours were included in the study. In patients planned for extubation, sonographic evaluations of the diaphragm and lung were performed at the T-tube stage. RSBI was achieved in the pressure support (PS) ventilation stage. Predictive values of DTF, DE, and anterolateral LUS scores were compared with RSBI in extubation success.
RESULTS: Sixty-two patients were enrolled in the study. The study population consisted mostly of trauma patients (77%). A cut-off value of 64 was obtained for RSBI. The positive predictive value (PPV) was found at 97% in extubation success. Cut-off values of 27.5 for DTF, 1.3 cm for the DE, and 6.5 for LUS scores were obtained at the T-tube stage, respectively. PPVs of all sonographic parameters were found over 90%. At the first stage, weaning and extubation failures were determined as 35 and 9.6%, respectively. RSBI was found as a powerful parameter in determining extubation success (r=0.774, p≤0.001) and moderately correlated with sonographic parameters.
CONCLUSION: Investigating the lung and diaphragm via ultrasound provides real-time information to increase extubation success. Cut-off values of 64 for RSBI, 27.5 for DTF, 1.3 cm for the DE, and 6.5 for LUS scores were obtained, respectively, and PPVs of all sonographic parameters were found over 90%. We consider that sonographic evaluations accompanied by an RSBI will increase extubation success in the weaning process.