J Neurol Res. 2020 Aug;10(4):107-112. doi: 10.14740/jnr603. Epub 2020 Jun 23.
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an ongoing global pandemic that has so far affected 216 countries and more than 5 million individuals worldwide. The infection is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). While pulmonary manifestations are the most common, neurological features are increasingly being recognized as common manifestations of the COVID-19, especially in the cases of severe infection. These include acute cerebrovascular disease, encephalitis, and Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS). Here, we review the neuropathogenesis of SARS-CoV-2 and the central and peripheral nervous system manifestations of COVID-19.