Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech. 2021 May 11. doi: 10.1097/SLE.0000000000000949. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: The aim was to compare the outcomes of laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) after failed endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (group A) versus primary LCBDE (group B) for the management of gallbladder and common bile duct stones.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive and systematic literature search was performed in several databases, including PubMed, Ovid, and Cochrane Library. Meta-analysis of operative outcomes, postoperative outcomes, and gallstone clearance rates was conducted using random-effect models.
RESULTS: Six studies including 642 patients (239 in group A and 403 in group B) were included. The operative time was longer in group A (P=0.02). The overall complication, bile leakage, conversion, postoperative hospital stay, and reoperation were comparable in group A and group B. Similarly, no significant difference was present concerning the incidence of stone clearance, residual stone, and recurrent stone (P>0.05).
CONCLUSION: LCBDE is an alternative acceptable procedure when removal of common bile duct stones by endoscopic therapy fails.