Pulmonary Manifestations of Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Link to article at PubMed

Cureus. 2021 Mar 31;13(3):e14216. doi: 10.7759/cureus.14216.


The frequency of extraintestinal manifestations of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is observed in most of the patients. Extraintestinal manifestations of IBD have been implicated in all the anatomic sites of the pulmonary tree, and include airway inflammation of the bronchi and bronchioles and parenchymal inflammation. There is a wide range of pulmonary manifestations in IBD, and most of them look a lot like other diseases. Doctors should keep a track of these conditions to avoid unnecessary complications and to provide an early diagnosis with correct and efficient treatment. IBD-related respiratory disorders are treated depending on the patient, but in most of them, steroids are generally chosen first. Steroids, both inhalational and systemic, are the primary approach. Antibiotics could also be given if the patient has infections or suppuration, usually followed by surgeries. However, drug-induced complications and toxicity should be kept in mind.

PMID:33948406 | PMC:PMC8086764 | DOI:10.7759/cureus.14216

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