AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2021 Jan 25;2020:1110-1119. eCollection 2020.
Medication reconciliation (MR) aims at preventing medication errors at care transitions. It is a complex, time-consuming, cognitively demanding pharmacological task. We have developed a decision support system, EzMedRec, to assist retroactive MR at hospital admission. EzMedRec compares the best possible medication history (BPMH), i.e., all medications taken by the patient before hospitalization, to the list of admission medication orders (AMO). The process includes (i) the decomposition of BPMH and AMO drugs into their active ingredients (AIs), (ii) the detection of medication discontinuations and additions, and (iii) the identification of modified medication orders. The ATC classification is used to semantically enrich MR by comparing discontinued AIs and added AIs and suggesting a potential intentional drug substitution serving the same therapeutic objective. EzMedRec has been evaluated on a sample of 52 actual MRs involving 822 medication order lines, 406 in BPMHs, and 416 in AMOs with a global accuracy of 98,3%.