J Clin Med. 2021 Apr 13;10(8):1653. doi: 10.3390/jcm10081653.
BACKGROUND: N-terminal pro-brain natural peptide (NT-pro-BNP) is a well-established biomarker of tissue congestion and has prognostic value in patients with heart failure (HF). Nonetheless, there is scarce evidence on its predictive capacity for HF re-admission after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We performed a prospective, single-center study in all patients discharged after an ACS. HF re-admission was analyzed by competing risk regression, taking all-cause mortality as a competing event. Results are presented as sub-hazard ratios (sHR). Recurrent hospitalizations were tested by negative binomial regression, and results are presented as incidence risk ratio (IRR).
RESULTS: Of the 2133 included patients, 528 (24.8%) had HF during the ACS hospitalization, and their pro-BNP levels were higher (3220 pg/mL vs. 684.2 pg/mL; p < 0.001). In-hospital mortality was 2.9%, and pro-BNP was similarly higher in these patients. Increased pro-BNP levels were correlated to increased risk of HF or death during the hospitalization. Over follow-up (median 38 months) 243 (11.7%) patients had at least one hospital readmission for HF and 151 (7.1%) had more than one. Complete revascularization had a preventive effect on HF readmission, whereas several other variables were associated with higher risk. Pro-BNP was independently associated with HF admission (sHR: 1.47) and readmission (IRR: 1.45) at any age. Significant interactions were found for the predictive value of pro-BNP in women, diabetes, renal dysfunction, STEMI and patients without troponin elevation.
CONCLUSIONS: In-hospital determination of pro-BNP is an independent predictor of HF readmission after an ACS.