Int J Hematol. 2021 Apr 30. doi: 10.1007/s12185-021-03159-x. Online ahead of print.
To identify prognostic factors for TAFRO syndrome, a rare inflammatory disorder of unknown etiology characterized by thrombocytopenia, anasarca, fever, reticulin myelofibrosis, renal dysfunction, and organomegaly. Data of patients with TAFRO syndrome were extracted from a Japanese patient registry. Patients were divided into groups according to the clinical and laboratory parameters at initial presentation. Cut-off values for the laboratory parameters were determined using receiver operating characteristic curve analysis and by clinical relevance. Patient survival was analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier method. Univariable analysis was performed using log-rank tests. Multivariable analyses were performed with the logistic regression model and the Cox-proportional hazards model. We extracted the data of 83 patients with TAFRO syndrome from the registry. Univariable analysis identified several potential prognostic factors. Of these factors, age ≥ 60 years and D-dimer ≥ 18 μg/dL remained significant predictors of poor overall survival in the multivariable Cox-proportional hazards model. Based on these results, we developed a simple prognostic scoring system for TAFRO syndrome (TS-PSS). Patients in our cohort were stratified into low, intermediate, and high-risk groups by the TS-PSS. This system should be verified with independent patient cohorts in future studies.