Medicine (Baltimore). 2021 Apr 23;100(16):e25558. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000025558.
Our aim was to investigate the newest generation anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP) antibody 3.1 assay in diagnosing rheumatoid arthritis (RA) compared with other autoimmune and non-autoimmune diseases. We performed a retrospective observational chart review of patients with a positive CCP level over a one-year period at a single academic institution and assessed the associated diagnoses after at least six-months of follow-up. Of the 281 CCP positive patients during that period, 48% had a diagnosis of RA. The positive predictive value of RA in patients with a high CCP 3.1 assay was 0.619 compared to 0.248 with a low positive CCP 3.1 assay (P < .0001). Overall, there was a lower than expected positive predictive value of CCP 3.1 level with an RA diagnosis, though the likelihood of having an RA diagnosis was higher with a higher CCP level.