Minimum heart rate and mortality in critically ill myocardial infarction patients: an analysis of the MIMIC-III database

Link to article at PubMed

Ann Transl Med. 2021 Mar;9(6):496. doi: 10.21037/atm-21-992.


BACKGROUND: Low minimum heart rate (MHR) is common in critically ill myocardial infarction (MI) patients. However, the association between MHR and the mortality of critically ill MI patients remains unclear.

METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, a total of 2,031 critically ill MI patients were enrolled from the Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care (MIMIC)-III database. Patients were divided into a low MHR group [MHR <60 beats per minute (bpm)] and a high MHR group (MHR ≥60 bpm). A Cox proportional hazard model was used to elucidate the association between these two groups and the mortality of MI patients. The association between mortality and MHR as a continuous variable was analyzed non-parametrically using restricted cubic splines. Sensitivity analyses were conducted to determine the impact of different admission heart rate, hypertension, atrial fibrillation, and vasopressor use on our results.

RESULTS: MI patients in the low MHR group had higher 30-day and 1-year mortality than those in the high MHR group (20.59% vs. 10.91%, P<0.001 and 29.76% vs. 19.31%, P<0.001, respectively). After adjustment, the low MHR group was significantly correlated with 30-day mortality [hazard ratio, 1.779, 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.400-2.261, P<0.001] and 1-year mortality (hazard ratio, 1.537, 95% CI, 1.272-1.859, P<0.001). This correlation remained remarkable in patients with low or high admission heart rate, with or without hypertension, and with or without atrial fibrillation. An apparent L-curve relationship was observed between the 30-day mortality or 1-year mortality and MHR as a continuous variable.

CONCLUSIONS: MHR under 60 bpm may be associated with a higher risk for both 30-day and 1-year mortality in critically ill MI patients. These findings highlight the possibility of MHR as an early risk indicator and potential therapeutic target for mortality in critically ill MI patients, which warrants further investigation.

PMID:33850893 | PMC:PMC8039698 | DOI:10.21037/atm-21-992

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