Proteinuria as a Biomarker for COVID-19 Severity

Link to article at PubMed

Front Physiol. 2021 Mar 9;12:611772. doi: 10.3389/fphys.2021.611772. eCollection 2021.


BACKGROUND: Renal involvement in syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection has been retrospectively described, especially acute kidney injury (AKI). However, quantitative proteinuria assessment and its implication in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) remain unknown.

METHODS: In this prospective, multicenter study in France, we collected clinical and biological data including urinary protein to creatine ratio (UPCR) in patients presenting with moderate to severe COVID-19. Clinical outcome was analyzed according to the level of UPCR.

RESULTS: 42/45 patients (93.3%) had renal involvement (abnormal urinary sediment and/or AKI). Significant proteinuria occurred in 60% of patients. Urine protein electrophoresis showed tubular protein excretion in 83.8% of patients with proteinuria. Inflammatory parametersand D-dimer concentrations correlated with proteinuria level. Patients who required intensive care unit (ICU) admission had higher proteinuria (p = 0.008). On multivariate analysis, proteinuria greater than 0.3 g/g was related to a higher prevalence of ICU admission [OR = 4.72, IC95 (1.16-23.21), p = 0.03], acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) [OR = 6.89, IC95 (1.41-53.01, p = 0.02)], nosocomial infections [OR = 3.75, IC95 (1.11-13.55), p = 0.03], longer inpatient hospital stay (p = 0.003).

CONCLUSION: Renal involvement is common in moderate to severe SARS-CoV-2 infection. Proteinuria at baseline is an independent risk factor for increased hospitalization duration and ICU admission in patients with COVID-19.

PMID:33767630 | PMC:PMC7985082 | DOI:10.3389/fphys.2021.611772

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