Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol. 2021 May;35(1):135-140. doi: 10.1016/j.bpa.2020.12.009. Epub 2020 Dec 10.
Guidelines for prevention of catheter-related bloodstream infection (CR-BSI) describe a series of recommendations for correct insertion and handling of central venous catheters (CVCs). Since their implementation, quality programs such as "Zero bacteremia" have achieved a reduction in CR-BSI rates, but there is still room for further improvement. New evidence is emerging regarding, e.g., antiseptic-antimicrobial impregnated catheters or the use of passive disinfection of closed connectors. These examples of new tools among others might help to further decrease infection rates. This article aims to review new evidence-based strategies to reduce catheter insertion-related infection.