Mayo Clin Proc Innov Qual Outcomes. 2020 Nov 19;5(1):72-83. doi: 10.1016/j.mayocpiqo.2020.08.007. eCollection 2021 Feb.
OBJECTIVE: To reduce diagnostic blood loss by using small volume tubes for routine laboratory testing throughout the hospital, as blood loss from laboratory testing can be substantial for patients and may lead to hospital-acquired anemia.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Diagnostic blood loss was evaluated in hospitalized patients between April 1, 2017, and June 1, 2018. The preintervention, during intervention, and postintervention mean diagnostic blood loss per hospitalized patient was compared across the floors and for each type of tube for hematology, basic metabolic panel, and coagulation tests. Mean hemoglobin levels, blood transfusions per hospitalized patient, and percent redraws were also compared.
RESULTS: The total volume of blood drawn for all the 3 tests decreased across each implementation phase; however, only patients admitted to the transplant and critical care (T/CC) units had increased hemoglobin levels. In addition, there was a significant reduction in transfusions across implementation phases. The incidence risk ratio for transfusion reduced even more in patients admitted to the T/CC units. Finally, there was no significant difference in the overall percent redraws across all the units.
CONCLUSION: The use of small volume tubes in exchange for standard sized tubes markedly decreased diagnostic blood loss by 25.7% in all the units and 22.9% in the T/CC units. Also, the number of transfusions decreased across units, with the greatest decrease in the T/CC units. An increase in mean hemoglobin levels was observed specifically in patients admitted to the T/CC units, with no corresponding change in percent redraws across all the units.