Application of extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation in adult patients with refractory cardiac arrest

Link to article at PubMed

J Thorac Dis. 2021 Feb;13(2):831-836. doi: 10.21037/jtd-20-1573.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to summarize the clinical experience of extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) in the treatment of adult patients with refractory cardiac arrest.

METHODS: The clinical data of 12 cases of adult patients with cardiac arrest hospitalized between June 2015 and September 2019 who were unable to achieve return of spontaneous circulation effectively with conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CCPR) and were treated with ECPR technology were retrospectively analyzed. The group included six males and six females aged between 18 and 69 years. All the patients underwent veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (V-A ECMO) support with the adoption of femoral artery and vein catheterization.

RESULTS: The duration of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) for the 12 patients was 32-125 min, and the ECMO duration was 2-190 h. Four patients were successfully weaned from ECMO and survived until hospital discharge. The other eight patients died in hospital; hemodynamic collapse (four patients) in the early stage of ECMO and severe neurological complications (three patients) were the main causes of death.

CONCLUSIONS: Single-center data showed that ECPR provided a new rescue alternative for some patients with reversible refractory cardiac arrest. We have demonstrated that the success rate of treatment could be improved by selecting suitable patients and reducing the CPR duration as much as possible.

PMID:33717556 | PMC:PMC7947475 | DOI:10.21037/jtd-20-1573

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