Clinical characteristics and outcome of patients aged over 80 years with covid-19

Link to article at PubMed

Medicine (Baltimore). 2021 Feb 26;100(8):e24750. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000024750.

ABSTRACT

To investigate the clinical characteristics and outcome of octogenarians with covid-19.This is a observational, retrospective, descriptive study.Consecutive patients aged >80 years who were admitted for covid-19 pneumonia during a 6 weeks period (March 20-April 30, 2020).Illness severity on admission was classified according to World Health Organization (WHO) criteria: mild, moderate, severe, and critical. Data collected included demographics, presenting symptoms, radiological and laboratory findings, comorbidities, functional status, treatment, and clinical outcome.There were 159 patients (52.2% women) with a median age of 85.99 (IQR: 80-98). The median Barthel index was 90 (40-100) and Charlson index was 5 (5-6). Most common presenting symptoms were fever, dyspnea, and cough. Patients had mild (8.2%), moderate (52.2%), or severe (39.6%) illness according to WHO criteria. A bilateral pulmonary involvement was seen in 86% of patients. Laboratory analysis revealed increased serum concentrations of inflammatory parameters (C-reactive protein, ferritin, lactate dehydrogenase, and D-dimer) with an abnormal lymphocyte count [0.88 × 109/L (0.5)]. Treatments included corticosteroids in 37%, and biological therapies in 17.6%. Fifty three (33.3%) patients died during hospitalization, with a median time from admission to death of 3 (IQR 1-6) days. Mortality was higher in men (55%). Deceased patients had a significantly higher frequency of dyspnea, increased inflammatory parameters, and illness severity compared to survivors.One-third of octogenarians with covid-19 died during hospitalization and most had bilateral lung involvement. A further knowledge of the characteristics and outcome of this population may assist clinicians in the decision-making process in these patients.

PMID:33663089 | DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000024750

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