Feasibility and Impact of the Combined Application of Coronary CT Angiography With the HEART Pathway in Patients With Suspected Acute Coronary Syndrome

Link to article at PubMed

Crit Pathw Cardiol. 2021 Dec 1;20(4):185-191. doi: 10.1097/HPC.0000000000000258.


BACKGROUND: This study examines the feasibility and utility of integrating coronary computed tomography angiography and the HEART Pathway into a novel accelerated diagnostic protocol-called HEART-CT-and assesses its impact as an optional interactive decision support tool (smart form) in the electronic health record.

METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study performed in 2 adult emergency departments (ED) among patients evaluated for suspected acute coronary syndrome. Primary outcomes included the rate of discharge from the ED following HEART-CT Smart Form use, 30-day major adverse cardiac events (MACE), and ED length of stay (LOS). Hypothesis-generating outcomes included the rate of Smart Form use by ED providers and whether adhering to the HEART-CT recommendations was associated with improved outcomes.

RESULTS: The study included 672 subjects, 78.1% of whom were discharged from the ED. HEART-CT identified 76.7% of patients with increased risk HEAR scores as safe for discharge. No patients identified as low risk by HEART-CT had MACE within 30 days. Total mean ED LOS was 4.6 hours. ED providers used the HEART-CT smart form in 19.7% of eligible patients. ED providers who followed the HEART-CT recommendations had 3.41 times higher odds of ED discharging patients with increased risk HEAR scores than nonadherent providers (95% CI, 2.20-5.27).

CONCLUSIONS: HEART-CT reclassified a large proportion of patients as safe for discharge, maintained a high sensitivity for detecting 30-day MACE, and had an acceptable ED LOS. Future studies should test the extent to which more automated clinical decision support improves provider adoption and clinical outcomes of HEART-CT.

PMID:33660627 | PMC:PMC8408286 | DOI:10.1097/HPC.0000000000000258

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *