Relationship Between COVID-19 and Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2: A Scoping Review

Link to article at PubMed

Adv Exp Med Biol. 2021;1321:53-68. doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-59261-5_5.

ABSTRACT

Following the outbreaks of SARS-CoV in 2002 and MERS-CoV in 2012, the COVID-19 pandemic caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus has become an increasing threat to human health around the world. Numerous studies have shown that SARS-CoV-2 appears similar to the SARS-CoV as it uses angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) as a receptor to gain entry into cells. The main aims of this scoping review were to identify the primary hosts of coronaviruses, the relationship between the receptor binding domain of coronaviruses and ACE2, the organ specificity of ACE2 expression compared with clinical manifestations of the disease, and to determine if this information can be used in the development of novel treatment approaches for the COVID-19 pandemic.

PMID:33656713 | DOI:10.1007/978-3-030-59261-5_5

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