Clin Chest Med. 2021 Mar;42(1):101-112. doi: 10.1016/j.ccm.2020.11.004. Epub 2021 Jan 12.
Although the diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension requires invasive testing, imaging serves an important role in the screening, classification, and monitoring of patients with pulmonary vascular disease (PVD). The development of advanced imaging techniques has led to improvements in the understanding of disease pathophysiology, noninvasive assessment of hemodynamics, and stratification of patient risk. This article discusses the current role of advanced imaging and the emerging novel techniques for visualizing the lung parenchyma, mediastinum, and heart in PVD.