Future Cardiol. 2021 Feb 4. doi: 10.2217/fca-2020-0192. Online ahead of print.
Patients with Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) are at risk of developing macrovascular (cardiac, cerebrovascular, peripheral arterial disease) and microvascular (nephropathy, neuropathy, retinopathy) complications. Glycemic control improves only microvascular outcomes. However, some SGLT-2 inhibitors and GLP1-R agonists have proven beneficial in macrovascular conditions. Canagliflozin is an SGLT2 inhibitor that provides sustained reductions in HbA1c, blood pressure and weight. Remarkably, as CANVAS program and CREDENCE trial demonstrated, canagliflozin promotes significant reductions in the frequency of atherosclerotic cardiovascular events, hospitalizations for heart failure and renal outcomes. In addition, real-world studies have confirmed the results of clinical trials in clinical practice. Therefore, canagliflozin should be considered a first-line therapy in the management of T2D patients in order to reduce both micro- and macrovascular complications.