Ann Hematol. 2021 Feb 1. doi: 10.1007/s00277-021-04426-x. Online ahead of print.
2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) presents as a newly recognized pneumonia that has brought about a global pandemic and is increasingly considered as a systemic illness. We investigated the clinical and laboratory features of recovered COVID-19 patients without pre-existing hematologic diseases at Wuhan No. 1 Hospital. Fifty-nine male and 68 female Chinese patients were included with the median age at 64 years in the present study. Eosinopenia (37.80%), monocytosis (51.97%), lymphocytopenia (25.20%), and anemia (51.97%) were the most common hematologic findings in our cohort, particularly in severe or critically ill COVID-19. The levels of changes in leukocytes, neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, eosinophils, basophils, platelets, hemoglobin levels, mean corpuscular volume (MCV), and mean cell hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) are overall associated with lung involvement, oxygen demand, and disease activity. However, changes of eosinophils (end hospitalization-baseline) (coefficients = 10.32; 95% CI = 1.03-19.60, P = 0.03) and basophils (Max - Min) (coefficients = 71.43; 95% CI = 8.55-134.31, P = 0.03) were independent predictors of delayed recovery in the hospital by the multivariate analysis in this recovered population. A variety of hematologic changes are associated with the severity and clinical outcome of recovered COVID-19 patients, which warrants further exploration of their underlying mechanisms.