Specific Point-of-Care Testing of Coagulation in Patients Treated with Dabigatran

Link to article at PubMed

Thromb Haemost. 2021 Jan 14. doi: 10.1055/s-0040-1721775. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Accurate and rapid assessment of coagulation status is necessary to guide thrombolysis or reversal of anticoagulation in stroke patients, but commercially available point-of-care (POC) assays are not suited for coagulation testing in patients treated with direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs). We aimed to evaluate the direct thrombin monitoring (DTM) test card by Helena Laboratories (Texas, United States) for anti-IIa-specific POC coagulation testing, hypothesizing that its POC-ecarin clotting time (POC-ECT) accurately reflects dabigatran plasma concentrations.

METHODS: A prospective single-center diagnostic study (ClinicalTrials.gov-identifier: NCT02825394) was conducted enrolling patients receiving a first dose of dabigatran and patients already on dabigatran treatment. Blood samples were collected before drug intake and 0.5, 1, 2, 8, and 12 hours after intake. POC-ECT was performed using whole blood (WB), citrated blood (CB), and citrated plasma (CP). Dabigatran plasma concentrations were determined by mass spectrometry.

RESULTS: In total, 240 blood samples from 40 patients contained 0 to 275 ng/mL of dabigatran. POC-ECT with WB/CB/CP ranged from 20 to 186/184/316 seconds. Pearson's correlation coefficient showed a strong correlation between dabigatran concentrations and POC-ECT with WB/CB/CP (R2 = 0.78/0.90/0.92). Dabigatran concentrations >30 and >50 ng/mL (thresholds for thrombolysis, surgery, and reversal therapy according to clinical guidelines) were detected by POC-ECT with WB/CB/CP (>36/35/45 and >43/45/59 seconds) with 95/97/97 and 96/98/97% sensitivity, and 81/87/94 and 74/60/91% specificity.

CONCLUSION: This first study evaluating DOAC-specific POC coagulation testing revealed an excellent correlation of POC-ECT with actual dabigatran concentrations. Detecting clinically relevant dabigatran levels with high sensitivity/specificity, the DTM assay represents a suitable diagnostic tool in acute stroke, hemorrhage, and urgent surgery.

PMID:33469905 | DOI:10.1055/s-0040-1721775

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.